By Stewart Goetz
Chapter 1 The Soul in Greek notion (pages 6–29):
Chapter 2 The Soul in Medieval Christian inspiration (pages 30–64):
Chapter three The Soul in Continental suggestion (pages 65–104):
Chapter four The Soul in Locke, Butler, Reid, Hume, and Kant (pages 105–130):
Chapter five the matter of Soul–Body Causal interplay (pages 131–151):
Chapter 6 The Soul and modern technological know-how (pages 152–181):
Chapter 7 modern demanding situations to the Soul (pages 182–201):
Chapter eight recommendations at the way forward for the Soul (pages 202–215):
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Additional resources for A Brief History of the Soul
For, as I know that I am, so I know this also, that I know. 26) Not only can the soul not be deceived about its existence, but also it cannot be deceived about how things appear to it: But, says someone, I am deceived, if I give my assent. Do not assent more than that you know that it appears so to you. There is then no deception. I do not see how the Academic can refute him who says: I know that this presents itself to me as white; I know that this delights my ear; I know that this has a sweet smell for me; I know that this has a pleasant taste for me; I know that this feels cold to me.
Consequently death, which signifies the separation of soul and body, would not be a substantial corruption [but rather a separation of two substances], and this is obviously false. (Questions on the Soul, I) In Aquinas’ view, then, a human being is neither a soul alone nor a body alone, but body and soul together (Summa theologiae, Ia. 4). 2)—a human being. Thus the soul alone is not a member of a species, but is a part of the human species, which the body–soul composite is (Questions on the Soul, III).
In the end, it seems fair to say that Augustine never resolves to his own satisfaction the issue of original sin and its inheritance and the matter of the soul’s origin. Though Augustine is not able to resolve the problem of the soul’s origin, he believes that others should not be forbidden from examining the matter: I do not intend [. ] to cause anyone to think that we forbid that he who is able should examine [. ] whether a soul is propagated by a soul, or whether each soul is created for an individual body, or whether, at divine will, they are sent from somewhere to rule and animate a body, or whether they enter bodies of their own will.