A more equal society? : New Labour, poverty, inequality and by John Hills, Kitty Stewart

By John Hills, Kitty Stewart

This significant new booklet presents, for the 1st time, a close review of regulations on poverty and social exclusion on the grounds that 1997, and their results. Bringing jointly best specialists within the box, it considers the demanding situations the govt has confronted, the rules selected and the objectives set with a view to verify effects. Employment : tackling poverty via 'work should you can' / Abigail McKnight -- schooling, schooling, schooling ... : an evaluate of labour's good fortune in tackling schooling inequalities / Abigail McKnight, Howard Glennerster and Ruth Lupton -- Tackling overall healthiness inequalities / Franco Sassi -- Social and political participation and inclusion / Liz Richardson -- hazards by way of the place you reside? New Labour and neighbourhood renewal / Ruth Lupton and Anne strength -- in the direction of an equivalent commence? Addressing formative years poverty and deprivation / Kitty Stewart -- a safe retirement for all? Older humans and New Labour / Maria Evandrou and Jane Falkingham -- Ethnic inequalities lower than New Labour : development or entrenchment? Coretta Phillips -- Selective inclusion : asylum seekers and different marginalised teams / Tania Burchardt -- Inequality and poverty lower than New Labour / Tom Sefton and Holly Sutherland -- that is the method the cash is going : expenditure styles as genuine earning upward thrust for the poorest households with teenagers / Paul Gregg, Jane Waldfogel and Elizabeth Washbrook -- citing households in negative neighbourhoods lower than New Labour / Anne strength and Helen Willmot -- adjustments in poverty and inequality within the united kingdom in foreign context / Kitty Stewart -- A tide became yet mountains but to climb? / John Hills and Kitty Stewart

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A 35 A more equal society? asp) further 10 percentage point drop occurred between Summer 1998 and Spring 2002, but since then the share has remained static at around 25%. Lone parents Lone parents increasingly came under the policy spotlight over the 1980s and 1990s as their numbers increased and their attachment to the labour market fell, leading to an increase in the number of children living in workless households and, by association, growing up in poverty. 5 million in 1997 (Holtermann et al, 1999).

After outlining Labour’s inheritance, we assess Labour’s performance by first looking at macroeconomic trends in the labour market before turning to specific groups. Therefore, it is not surprising that Labour put employment policy at the heart of its (undeclared) ‘War on Poverty’. Where reduction in poverty is a key policy objective, tackling the overlap between poverty and worklessness poses one of the greatest policy challenges. While a whole raft of policies can be introduced to reduce levels of worklessness, it is inevitable that some individuals (usually the most disadvantaged) will experience periods of non-employment and for others work is simply not an option (either in the short term and sometimes in the long term).

For example, unemployment rates based on entitlement to unemployment benefit can be affected (or even manipulated) by changes in 27 A more equal society? eligibility for such benefits. Changes made by the Conservative government reduced the number of out-of-work people who qualified for the benefits used in the claimant count measure of unemployment. While a whole series of statistics could be examined, we shall concentrate on unemployment, inactivity and jobs. These three series in combination overcome the deficiencies in any one series examined in isolation and present a more complete picture of changes in the labour market.

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