By Faith Thompson
A brief background of Parliament used to be first released in 1953. Minnesota Archive versions makes use of electronic expertise to make long-unavailable books once more obtainable, and are released unaltered from the unique college of Minnesota Press editions.
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Extra resources for A short history of parliament 1295-1642
Still, prophetic for the future, comes in Richard II's reign the first navigation act. There were not enough English ships to make it enforceable, but it was a sign that at last the English government was taking some interest in protecting native merchants and shippers. In an age in which it is the "King in his Parliament" with which we are concerned, the personality of the ruler is a factor to be reckoned with. Three long reigns (two with minorities), covering four generations, virtually span the fourteenth century — the last of the Angevin or Plantagenet line.
There were other curious types. — Seymour and Frary, i, 68. * This raised some problems. Exemption from liability claimed by all peers (including bishops) and their villein tenants was undisputed. Exemption of their free tenants, though disputed, was ultimately maintained. In early days there was the idea that a lord who attended parliament was representative of his tenants, and hence they need not contribute for expenses of knights of the shire. ELECTED, ELECTORS, AND ELECTIONS 45 of the electors.
Not until the reign of Elizabeth did the Commons claim any jurisdiction in election disputes. An individual community, or more usually the Commons as a whole, prayed the king and Lords to take action. In 1404, for instance, the Commons prayed the king and Lords to act on an improper return by the sheriff of Rutland. " 5 Even this procedure seems to have been considered unnecessary after the statute of 1445, which imposed an additional penalty against the sheriff — damages to the defrauded candidate secured by action of debt in the Court of Common Pleas.