By Richard M. Freeland
This booklet examines the evolution of yank universities throughout the years following international conflict II. Emphasizing the significance of swap on the campus point, the ebook combines a basic attention of nationwide traits with an in depth learn of 8 varied universities in Massachusetts. The 8 are Harvard, M.I.T., Tufts, Brandeis, Boston collage, Boston collage, Northeastern and the collage of Massachusetts. vast analytic chapters research significant advancements like growth, the increase of graduate schooling and examine, the professionalization of the school, and the decline of normal schooling. those chapters additionally evaluation criticisms of academia that arose within the overdue Sixties and the destiny of assorted reform proposals in the course of the Seventies. extra chapters specialize in the 8 campuses to demonstrate the forces that drove other forms of institutions--research universities, college-centered universities, city inner most universities and public universities--in responding to the conditions of the postwar years.
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Extra info for Academia's Golden Age: Universities in Massachusetts, 1945-1970
The competition for students was especially intense among institutions characterized by modest academic reputations, heavy reliance on tuition payments, and weak claims on the loyalty of particular college-going constituencies. Schools that combined these circumstances with a limited array of undergraduate offerings were vulnerable to shifts of curricular fashion. , and Northeastern all needed to expand enrollments to earn more revenue, and all three did so by diversifying their programs to reach additional clienteles.
S natural relationship with the nation's industrial executives, many of them alumni. 's president parlayed that shared perception into large contributions, especially from Coleman du Pont and George Eastman. 's chief constituency in terms of this new elite. When financial pressures heightened after the war, he turned to industrial leaders once again, this time proposing formal links between the Institute and corporate sponsors. 18 Though Maclaurin suffered an early death in 1920, the Technology Plan sustained a new stream of activity during the postwar decade under his successors Ernest Nichols and Samuel Stratton.
This change so limited institutional initiative that Butterfield resigned, and the college sank into a period of stagnation. Though the 1920s were discouraging years, the forces working to improve the college continued to be evident. C. sent a larger percentage of its graduates to advanced work in science than any other agricultural college. Student and alumni/ae groups as well as organized labor kept up pressure for a change in the college's name and for authorization to offer the arts degree.