AIDS and the Family: Policy Options for a Crisis in Family by Department of Economic and Social Affairs

By Department of Economic and Social Affairs

HIV and AIDS take a profound toll on households. while a loved one turns into ill or dies, all people within the kin suffers. In 2001, the United countries normal meeting unique consultation on HIV/AIDS famous the $64000 function performed by way of the kinfolk in prevention, care and help. This e-book addresses the problems and demanding situations of HIV/AIDS from a kinfolk point of view, utilizing info and knowledge from sub-Saharan Africa.

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Extra resources for AIDS and the Family: Policy Options for a Crisis in Family Capital

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A 1995 summary of the General Family Survey in Thailand indicated that 25 per cent of family households had at least one parent (the mother or father of the household head or hisher partner) in residence, and 80 per cent had relatives living nearby. Problems were frequently discussed with parents and other elders. ' The standard definition used in reference to such children identifies their condition but does not sufficiently convey the impact of the disease on the family. The loss of either parent to AIDS has a dramatic effect on the structure and functioning of the family, but the nature of the impact differs enormously depending on which parent dies.

T Operational definitions of families affected by HIVIAIDS and family networks will be provided below. Estimates of family households * Levirate is examined in greater detail in chapter 8. ' Although the DHS data sets contain information on family relationships, it is only recently that analysis of these data has been initiated (see J. Bongaarts, "Household size and composition in the developing world in the 1990sV,Population Studies, vol. 55 [2001], pp. 263-279). In order to establish an approximation of family households, single-person households have been subtracted from the total number of households, based on the assumption that in the countries being considered multiple-person households of unrelated individuals represent a very small fraction of "true" family households.

Under normal circumstances, the allocation of children to either the maternal or paternal line within kinship families is culturally designated. However, with the marked increase in the number of children orphaned by AIDS, these patterns have changed. 2 Stages of family development Every family goes through stages of development, often collectively referred to as the family life cycle. The developmental process for most nuclear families includes the formation of a new family through marriage or a consensual union; childbearing, child-rearing and childcare; the completion of childbearing; the departure of children; and the dissolution of the union with the death of one of the partners.

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