Annals of Theoretical Psychology by Arthur W. Staats (auth.), Arthur W. Staats, Leendert P. Mos

By Arthur W. Staats (auth.), Arthur W. Staats, Leendert P. Mos (eds.)

I were considering developing a unified concept for a few years, in contemplating the country of psychology's unity-disunity, and in in most cases try out­ ing to cajole our occupation to paintings on its unification. during this paintings i've got had the chance to turn into accustomed to the works of a few different psychologists whose statements indicated they had whatever to assert on those subject matters. I observed additionally that it might be very effective for psychology to have those members deal with themselves to psychology's disunity-unity, consid­ ered as an issue that are supposed to be faced and addressed. In 1983 i started to point that it used to be my goal to dedicate a publication to the subject, as visible throughout the eyes of a gaggle of favourite psychologists serious about similar matters. It used to be very lucky from my perspective that Joseph Royce and later Leendert Mos, who have been enhancing this sequence, have been drawn to this ebook. I accredited the former's invitation to do in the current sequence the publication I had deliberate. even supposing i have to imagine accountability for number of the individuals, for the book's association, and for the 1st modifying in their papers for substance, seasoned­ fessor Mos provided to assist in an article means and i'm such a lot thankful for his contributions to the formal enhancing. the quantity is way greater due to his cautious efforts, which in a single case concerned rewriting material.

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In logical positivism, observations were the ultimate truth, upon which scientists could agree, because observations are fulIy objective truth. This is an absolutist position, and it has been chalIenged. For one thing, the sacrosanct nature of observations is now questioned: "It became clear that facts are not even facts, at least as the final anchoring bastion of authority, uncontaminated by theory influences (Feyerabend, 1970; Hanson, 1969; Kuhn, 1962; Lakatos, 1970; Popper, 1963)" (Staats, 1983a, p.

And it was this view of theory and Hull's implementation of that view that led to Skinner's (1950) rejection of theory in psychology. The unified positivist view is that the logical positivist characterization of theory construction, applied to psychology, was a wrong path. The central problems of psychology (or the other behavioral sciences) will not be resolved by seeking axiomatic theory, certainly not at this stage of development. On the other hand, Skinner's rejection of theory is nihilistic with respect to one of the fundamental activities of science, theory construction.

This is an absolutist position, and it has been chalIenged. For one thing, the sacrosanct nature of observations is now questioned: "It became clear that facts are not even facts, at least as the final anchoring bastion of authority, uncontaminated by theory influences (Feyerabend, 1970; Hanson, 1969; Kuhn, 1962; Lakatos, 1970; Popper, 1963)" (Staats, 1983a, p. 28). Lakatos's example (1970, p. 98) is that of GalIileo's telescope. Such observations of stelIar bodies are meaningful only when one has a knowledge of optics.

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