Annual Review of Psychology, vol 53 2002 by Susan T. Fiske, Daniel L. Schacter, Carolyn Zahn-Waxler

By Susan T. Fiske, Daniel L. Schacter, Carolyn Zahn-Waxler

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More recent work has shown that displaced aggression, wherein the target of aggression is not the person who caused the initial frustration, is a robust phenomenon (Marcus-Newhall et al. 2000, Pedersen et al. 2000). Whether such frustration effects operate primarily by influencing cognitions, affect, or arousal is unclear. SGM LaTeX2e(2001/05/10) P1: GJC BUSHMAN Annu. Rev. Psychol. 53:27-51. org by Ball State University on 01/05/09. For personal use only. , hot temperatures, loud noises, unpleasant odors) increase aggression (Berkowitz 1993).

Scripts define situations and guide behavior: The person first selects a script to represent the situation and then assumes a role in the script. Once a script has been learned, it may be retrieved at some later time and used as a guide for behavior. This approach can be seen as a more specific and detailed account of social learning processes. Scripts are sets of particularly well-rehearsed, highly associated concepts in memory, often involving causal links, goals, and action plans (Abelson 1981, Schank & Abelson 1977).

ROUTES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cognition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Affect . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SGM LaTeX2e(2001/05/10) P1: GJC BUSHMAN Annu. Rev. Psychol. 53:27-51. org by Ball State University on 01/05/09. For personal use only. Arousal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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