By Craig Cook
Read or Download Beginning HTML with CSS and XHTML: Modern Guide and Reference (Beginning: from Novice to Professional) PDF
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Additional info for Beginning HTML with CSS and XHTML: Modern Guide and Reference (Beginning: from Novice to Professional)
The sometimes-complex interplay between specificity and the cascade can make CSS challenging to work with in the beginning, but once you understand the basic rules, it all becomes second nature. You’ll learn more about the cascade order later in this chapter, but first we’ll explain how you can attach style sheets to your XHTML documents. Attaching Style Sheets to Your Documents To style your pages with CSS, you’ll also need to connect your style sheets to your documents. When a graphical browser downloads the XHTML document and parses it for rendering, it will automatically seek out CSS rules to instruct it on how the various elements should be presented.
Listing 2-2. An Example of Inline Styles
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However, you should avoid using inline styles. They mix presentation with your structural markup, thus negating one of the primary advantages of using CSS. fm Page 33 Friday, May 25, 2007 5:17 AM C H APTE R 2 ■ XH T ML A ND CS S BA SI CS consistent presentation. Should you ever want to update the site in the future—changing all your headings from red to blue, for example—you would need to track down every single heading in every single document to implement that change, a daunting task on a large and complex website.
It was an entirely different language; one specifically intended to describe how HTML documents should be visually presented while leaving the structural markup clean and meaningful. A style sheet written in CSS can be applied to an HTML or XHTML document, adding an attractive layer of visual design without negatively impacting the markup that serves as its foundation. Separating content from presentation allows both aspects to become stronger and more adaptable. An XHTML document can be easily modified without completely reconstructing it to correct the design.