By Daniel Kahneman
Daniel Kahneman, ganhador do Prêmio Nobel de Economia por pesquisas que colocam em xeque a ideia de que a nossa tomada de decisões é essencialmente racional, é um dos mais importantes pensadores do século XXI. Suas ideias tiveram um impacto profundo em muitas áreas, incluindo economia, psicologia, medicina e política, mas é a primeira vez que o autor reúne seus muitos anos de pesquisa e pensamento em um único livro.
Rápido e devagar: duas formas de pensar apresenta uma visão tão inovadora quanto inquietante sobre como a mente funciona e como as decisões são tomadas. No livro, o autor explica as duas formas como se desenvolvem o pensamento humano: uma é rápida, intuitiva e emocional; a outra, mais lenta, deliberativa e lógica. Kahneman expõe as capacidades extraordinárias — e também os defeitos e vícios — do pensamento rápido e revela o peso das impressões intuitivas no processo de tomada de decisões.
O autor revela quando é possível ou não confiar na intuição. Oferece insights práticos e esclarecedores sobre como são tomadas as decisões nos negócios e na vida pessoal, e como se pode usar diferentes técnicas para proteger contra falhas mentais que, muitas vezes, colocam o indivíduo em situações de apuro.
By Douglas T. Kenrick
“Kenrick writes like a dream.”—Robert Sapolsky, Professor of Biology and Neurology, Stanford college; writer of A Primate’s Memoir and Why Zebras Don’t Get Ulcers What do intercourse and homicide need to do with the which means of existence? Everything.
In Sex, homicide, and the which means of Life, social psychologist Douglas Kenrick exposes the egocentric animalistic underside of human nature, and indicates the way it is in detail attached to our best and such a lot selfless achievements. Masterfully integrating cognitive technological know-how, evolutionary psychology, and complexity idea, this interesting ebook paints a accomplished photo of the rules that govern our lives. As Kenrick divulges, underneath our civilized veneer, people are much like howling hyenas and barking baboons, with heads choked with homicidal traits and sexual fantasies. yet, in his view, many ingrained, it seems that irrational behaviors—such as dispositions to one-night stands, racial prejudices, and conspicuous consumption—ultimately show up what he calls “Deep Rationality.”
Although our heads are choked with basic egocentric biases that advanced to aid our ancestors continue to exist, sleek humans are something yet uncomplicated and egocentric cavemen. Kenrick argues that easy and egocentric psychological mechanisms we inherited from our ancestors finally provide upward thrust to the multifaceted social lives that we people lead this present day, and to the main optimistic positive aspects of humanity, together with generosity, inventive creativity, love, and familial bonds. And out of these basic mechanisms emerge all of the complexities of society, together with foreign conflicts and international fiscal markets. by means of exploring the nuance of social psychology and the dazzling result of his personal examine, Kenrick deals a close photo of what makes us worrying, inventive, and complex—that is, totally human.
Illuminated with tales from Kenrick’s personal colourful studies -- from his criminally susceptible shantytown Irish family, his personal a number of highschool expulsions, damaged marriages, and homicidal fantasies, to his eventual good fortune as an evolutionary psychologist and loving father of 2 boys separated via 26 years -- this ebook is an exploration of our psychological biases and screw ups, and our mind’s nice successes. Idiosyncratic, arguable, and engaging, Sex, homicide, and the which means of Life uncovers the pitfalls and promise of our organic inheritance.
By Kitayama, Ishii
Adopting a transformed Stroop activity, the authors validated the speculation that processing platforms delivered to endure on comprehension of emotional speech are attuned basically to be aware assessment in a low-context tradition and language (i.e., in English), yet they're attuned basically to vocal emotion in a high-context tradition and language (i.e., in Japanese). local eastern (Studies 1 and a couple of) and English audio system (Study three) made a judgement of both vocal emotion or notice evaluate of an emotionally spoken evaluative note. be aware reviews and vocal feelings have been related in extremity within the languages. In aid of the speculation, an interference impression through competing be aware assessment within the vocal emotion judgement was once considerably improved in English than in jap. against this, an interference impression via competing vocal emotion within the observe evaluate judgement was once superior in eastern than in English. Implications for the cultural grounding of communique, emotion, and cognition are mentioned.
By Robert G. Lee, Gordon Wheeler
Shame and disgrace reactions are of the main gentle and hard problems with psychotherapy and are one of the probably to defy our traditional dynamic, systemic, and behavioral theories. during this groundbreaking new assortment, The Voice of Shame, 13 exclusive authors express how use of the Gestalt version of self and dating can make clear the dynamics of disgrace and lead us to clean techniques and techniques during this hard terrain. This version indicates how disgrace concerns develop into pivotal in healing and different relationships and the way therapeutic disgrace is the main to transformational change.
The members exhibit how new views on disgrace received in no specific quarter move and generalize to different parts and settings. In so doing, they rework our basic realizing of psychotherapy itself. Grounded within the most up-to-date study at the dynamics and event of disgrace, this ebook is a realistic consultant for all psychotherapists, psychologists, clinicians, and others attracted to self, psychotherapy, and relationship.
This booklet includes strong new insights for the therapist on a full-range of subject matters from intimacy in to fathering to politics to baby improvement to gender concerns to destructive healing reactions. jam-packed with anecdotes and case examples in addition to useful innovations, The Voice of Shame will remodel your rules in regards to the position of disgrace in relationships - and in regards to the capability of the Gestalt version to explain and contextualize different methods.
By Martyn Long, Clare Wood, Karen Littleton, Terri Passenger, Kieron Sheehy
Written in an available and interesting type, this second variation of The Psychology of schooling addresses key innovations from psychology which relate to schooling. in the course of the textual content the writer workforce emphasise an evidence-based process, supplying functional feedback to enhance studying results, while fictional case reports are utilized in this new version to supply scholars with a feeling of what mental matters can appear like within the lecture room. actions round those case experiences provide scholars the opportunity to contemplate tips to observe their theoretical wisdom to those real-world contexts. ‘Key implications’ are drawn out at applicable issues, and through the booklet scholars are supplied with concepts for interrogating facts. keywords are glossed during the ebook and chapters are summarised and through feedback for extra studying. A bankruptcy on studying interactions and social worlds is new to this variation. the next chapters have all been largely up-to-date: studying evaluation person changes and success pupil engagement and motivation the tutorial context Society and tradition Language Literacy Inclusive schooling and specific academic wishes Behaviour difficulties facing behaviour difficulties. This ebook is vital analyzing for undergraduate scholars of schooling reviews and Psychology in addition to trainee lecturers on BA, mattress and PGCE classes. it is going to even be of use to postgraduates education to be academic psychologists.
By Peter Winterhoff-Spurk (auth.), Dr. Peter Winterhoff-Spurk (eds.)
Professor Dr. Peter Winterhoff-Spurk lehrt an der Universität des Saarlandes, Fachrichtung Psychologie, in Saarbrücken.
By Hermann Faller
Anschaulich und praxisnah bahnt Ihnen dieses vollst?ndig neu bearbeitete Kurzlehrbuch einen Weg durch das Dickicht durch die medizinische Psychologie und Soziologie. Eng orientiert am Gegenstandskatalog (GK1) sichert es Medizinstudenten eine optimale Pr?fungsvorbereitung. Kurze Abs?tze, starke Strukturierung, Definitionen, Merks?tze, Fallberichte und kommentierte Literaturhinweise helfen zu verstehen und optimum zu lernen. Besonders interessant sind die zahlreichen Beispiele aus der klinischen Praxis. Sie geben einen faszinierenden Einblick in das menschliche Verhalten und die Komplexit?t der Arzt-Patienten-Beziehung: ein erster Klinik-Vorgeschmack f?r Vorklinik-Studenten. Studierende der Medizin und alle, die in Verantwortung f?r Patienten stehen, werden dieses Kurzlehrbuch sch?tzen.
By Arthur E. Jongsma, L. Mark Peterson, William P. McInnis, David J. Berghuis
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