Psychology and Education (Routledge Modular Psychology) by Susan Bentham

By Susan Bentham

Psychology and schooling offers a uncomplicated advent to academic psychology. The e-book covers mental theories and their sensible purposes in schooling. Susan Bentham has written an excellent advisor to this subject for college students learning the OCR A-Level specification. The e-book may also be proper to these learning the EdExcel specification and to these with a common curiosity in schooling and studying. The booklet covers the cognitive, behaviourist and humanistic views on studying, together with the paintings of Piaget, Vygotsky, Bruner and others, and describes the sensible purposes of those theories. The evaluation of academic functionality is roofed and the cultural and developmental components affecting functionality are mentioned. Chapters at the specific academic wishes of the educationally deprived and talented, and disruptive behaviour in class are incorporated, with sections on ADHD, autism and dyslexia. The publication additionally discusses educating and studying types, and the layout and format of academic environments.Psychology and schooling calls for very little history wisdom and makes an excellent advent for college kids of psychology, trainee lecturers, baby carers and someone who's drawn to what's taking place in cutting-edge faculties.

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Although the teaching approaches advocated by theorists such as Skinner, Piaget, Bruner, Vygotsky and Rogers might seem very different, in reality a teacher can pick and choose various approaches to suit individual students and particular lessons. The fact that teachers can use a combination of approaches makes it difficult to determine which approach is the most effective. Summary The behaviourist approach to learning focuses on observable behaviour, rather than hidden, unobservable cognitive factors.

Setting/streaming: a school uses CAT scores for streaming, that is, organising students in similar-ability groups. • Value of individual and group tests: as the Wechsler is an individual test, which is verbally given, the test has advantages. The individual’s responses to test items are not reliant on their ability to read the questions or write down the answers. As the CATs are a group test, schools can administer the test to large groups of students and use the results to provide information for target setting and streaming.

Bruner (1963) stated that any aspect of the curriculum can be taught effectively and in some intellectually honest form to any child at any developmental stage. The manner in which the subject is taught should reflect the mode of thinking in which the child is operating. Bruner would argue that as an individual progresses from an enactive to an iconic to a symbolic mode of representation so a teaching programme should progress from a physical experience of the concept, to a concrete visual representation of that concept, to finally a symbolic representation.

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